Author Archives: Jennifer Mascott

Judge Kavanaugh: Interpretive Principles as a Way of Life

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, July 2, 2018@jennmascott

This is an atypical post for me. Usually I blog here as an academic—or, more precisely, as just another Ad Law nerd. But today I thought I’d take a stab at writing in a different capacity—as former law clerk to a beloved former boss. In 2006, Judge Brett Kavanaugh hired me as his first law […]

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The Constitutionality of the CFPB Again Before the Courts

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, June 25, 2018@jennmascott

Amidst the flurry of administrative–law–related opinions that the Supreme Court handed down at the end of last week, an intriguing separation-of-powers-related opinion from the Southern District of New York (SDNY) received comparatively little immediate attention. Last Thursday, Judge Loretta Preska ruled that the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB) cannot bring an enforcement action in district […]

The Appointments Clause–A Modest Take*

by Jennifer Mascott — Friday, June 22, 2018@jennmascott

Yesterday the Supreme Court ruled in Lucia v. SEC, evaluating whether the Securities and Exchange Commission had used improper methods to hire its administrative law judges. A fairly lopsided 7-2 margin of justices concluded that it had. Standing alone, Justice Stephen Breyer found that the SEC had committed a statutory violation by improperly delegating appointments […]

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The Government and the Appointments Clause—Just the Facts

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, Apr. 23, 2018@jennmascott

Today the Supreme Court will hear argument in Lucia v. SEC about whether Securities and Exchange Commission administrative law judges (ALJs) exercise “significant authority” and thus are subject to the Constitution’s Appointments Clause requirements. The straightforward arguments from the government and the petitioner, showing how ALJs are “officers” under Supreme Court precedent, history, and the […]

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Conclusion: Lucia v. SEC Symposium on the Appointments Clause

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, Apr. 16, 2018@jennmascott

And . . . that’s a wrap. Thank you to the many commentators who participated in the Notice & Comment symposium over the past two weeks regarding the Supreme Court’s upcoming consideration of the Appointments Clause in Lucia v. SEC. The Court will hear oral argument in the case on Monday, April 23. In Lucia, […]

Appointments Clause Symposium on Lucia v. SEC: Are SEC ALJs “Officers of the United States”?

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, Apr. 2, 2018@jennmascott

Starting today, for the next two weeks the Notice & Comment blog will run a symposium addressing the Supreme Court’s upcoming consideration of the constitutionality of hiring procedures for administrative law judges in the Securities and Exchange Commission. On Monday, April 23, the Supreme Court will hear oral argument in Lucia v. SEC, which raises […]

Missing History in the Court-Appointed Amicus Brief in Lucia v. SEC

by Jennifer Mascott — Wednesday, Mar. 28, 2018@jennmascott

This week the amicus appointed to advocate for the lower-court judgment in Lucia v. SEC filed his brief. The case addresses whether administrative law judges in the SEC are Article II “Officers of the United States” subject to the Constitution’s Appointments Clause requirements. U.S. Const. art. II, § 2. Court-appointed amicus, Mr. Metlitsky, technically supports […]

Upcoming Symposium, 4/2-4/13: The Supreme Court’s Consideration of Whether SEC ALJs are “Officers” Subject to Appointments Clause Requirements (Lucia v. SEC)

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, Mar. 26, 2018@jennmascott

Regular readers of this blog may have been following along with us here at “Notice and Comment” as we have reported on the twists and turns of litigation challenging the constitutionality of hiring procedures for administrative law judges in the Securities and Exchange Commission. On April 23, the litigation’s fascinating path will culminate in Supreme […]

The Alternative Separation of Powers in Constitutional Coup

by Jennifer Mascott — Friday, Mar. 9, 2018@jennmascott

I am honored to have the chance to review Jon Michaels’s engaging, brilliantly written, and insightful work. Constitutional Coup is a very enjoyable read, chock-full of creative word pictures like Michaels’s description of the “torch and pitchfork crowd” out to get the “Nanny State.” As Jeff Pojanowski and others have observed, the book is thought-provoking […]

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Revisiting the Record on Removal

by Jennifer Mascott — Monday, Mar. 5, 2018@jennmascott

In April, the Supreme Court will hear oral argument in Lucia v. SEC to consider whether administrative law judges (ALJs) in the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) are “Officers of the United States.” If they are, the ALJs are subject to the Appointments Clause, requiring them to be appointed by the President, a department head, […]